Is Vietnam’s Economy Doomed?

Japanese economist Kenishi Ohno says Vietnam has fallen into the feared middle income trap — perpetual stagnation after stalling on the past to prosperity.
He says the country faces a social crisis because it failed to heed warnings six years ago.  Vietnam now faces:

  • Slowing economic growth
  • Low investment efficiency
  • Rising production costs
  • Little improvement in competitiveness

Ohno says productivity has grown 3% annually while wages rose 26%.  Competitiveness has dropped at an annual rate of 23%.

Vietnamese economist Nguyen Minh Phong says it’s too soon to conclude his country has fallen into the middle income trap.  He contends the government deliberately slowed Vietnam’s growth to enable economic restructuring to take place.

To stay out of the middle income trap, Phong says Vietnam needs to:

  • Prioritize development of information technology
  • Reduce exports of natural-resources
  • Support enterprises with market research
  • Explore niche markets
  • Help small enterprises get loans
  • Expand bilateral trade agreements
  • Reform education and training

Vietnam also needs to follow the examples of Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea — all of which cultivated the private sector on their way to full economic development.

For several years, it has become increasingly obvious that Vietnam’s escape from economic mediocrity depends on the capacity of its own government to surrender control and permit the private sector to flourish.

 

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s